Schlagwort-Archiv: Arbeitsverhältnisse

New Publication on Cooperatives – Pansera/Rizzi (2018): Furbish or perish: Italian social cooperatives at a crossroads. In: Organization (OnlineFirst)

Another interesting case study about about market pressure, scaling up of coops and the conflict between democratic management and commercial success.

Pansera, Mario/Rizzi, Francesco (2018): Furbish or perish: Italian social cooperatives at a crossroads. In: Organization (OnlineFirst).

http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1350508418760980

Abstract

Although the public debate tends to privilege investor-owned organisations, alternative forms of organisation are mushrooming at the borders of the capitalist economy. In this work, we contribute to the debate on alternative economies by analysing a specific form of worker-owned organisations which originated in Italy in the 1970s and was recognised by Italian legislation in the 1990s: the social cooperative. By drawing on data gathered over 3 years of participant observation, this article explores the tensions and contradictions generated by the rapid growth of an Italian social cooperative focused on waste recovery and its preparation for reuse. We show how social cooperatives might be able to reconcile their commercial success with their founding principles of equality and democratic management. This article contributes to the debate on the ‘regeneration thesis’ by providing new insights into the factors and drivers that force social cooperatives to scale up and to engage in competition with mainstream competitors, the internal conflicts and solutions that emerge in this process and the external alliances that social cooperatives can leverage to prosper and flourish.

New Article about Cooperatives – Audebrand (2017): Expanding the scope of paradox scholarship on social enterprise: the case for (re)introducing worker cooperatives. In: M@n@gement 2017/4.

Between ‘staying  alternative’  and  ‘going  mainstream’ …

Audebrand, L. (2017). Expanding the scope of paradox scholarship on social enterprise: the case for (re)introducing worker cooperatives. M@n@gement, vol. 20,(4), 368-393. doi:10.3917/mana.204.0368.

https://www.cairn.info/revue-management-2017-4-page-368.html

Abstract. Over the past decade, scholars have argued for using a paradox
perspective  as  a  provocative  and  insightful  lens  for  understanding  social
enterprises. This article addresses two gaps in this burgeoning literature.
First,  it  expands  the  focus  on  social  enterprises  to  include  worker
cooperatives,  which  are  often  overlooked  but  are  highly  relevant  to  this
area  of  study.  Worker  cooperatives  are  unique  among  social  enterprises
due to their foundational principles: worker-ownership, worker-control and
worker-benefit. Due to their dual nature as both a democratic association
and  an  economic  enterprise,  the  relationship  between  the  cooperative’s
social  mission  and  its  business  venture  is  mutually  constitutive  and
inescapable.  Second,  this  article  calls  for  paradox  scholarship  on  social
enterprise  to  include  the  study  of  paradoxical  tensions  other  than  the
conspicuous tension between financial and social performance. This article
suggests  broadening  this  focus  to  include  the  tensions  between
communality  and  individuality,  hierarchy  and  democracy,  and  between
‘staying  alternative’  and  ‘going  mainstream’.  Overall,  this  article  seeks  to
construct  a  stronger  theoretical  basis  on  which  to  build  future  paradox
research on alternatives to the dominant economic paradigm.

New Publications: Rhodes/Wright/Pullen on „Impact“ and Bousalham/Vidaillet on „how competition undermines alternatives“

There are two new and interesting publications, both published in Organization, I want to inform you about:

Contradiction, circumvention and instrumentalization of noble values: How competition undermines the potential of alternatives

https://doi.org/10.1177/1350508417741536 | First Published December 3, 2017

Abstract

Recent studies have shown that alternative organizations are particularly exposed to the risk of losing ‘their soul’ or their capacity to put into practice their original ends when they compete with capitalist companies. But what happens when an alternative organization competes exclusively with another alternative organization? This article addresses this question using a unique and ‘revealing’ case, in which two mutual insurance organizations compete structurally and directly with each other and propose the same products to the same target population, at the same time and same place. The case shows in concrete terms how competition can undermine the integrity of alternative organizations and expose them to a dissociation between ends and means by leading them to: (1) adopt ‘dirty’ practices that are incoherent with their founding purpose, (2) circumvent the coherent practices that have been specifically designed to reach their alternative ends, and (3) instrumentalize their alternative ends and turn them into means of coping with competition. Furthermore, the case shows how the dynamic of structural and direct competition, because of its ‘captivating’ nature, may prevent local actors from ‘denaturalizing’ or questioning these incoherent practices. This study suggests that any action aimed at promoting alternative organizations requires taking due account of the competitive environment in which local actors of alternatives are placed and which can seriously undermine their emancipatory potential.

 

Changing the world? The politics of activism and impact in the neoliberal university

https://doi.org/10.1177/1350508417726546 | First Published December 15, 2017

Abstract

This article explores the political differences between academic activism and the recently emerged research impact agenda. While both claim that academic work can and should engage with and influence the world beyond the academic ‘ivory tower’, their political meaning and practice are radically different. Following the distinction made by Jacques Rancière, we argue that research impact performs a policing function which, despite its own rhetoric, is arranged as an attempt to ensure that academic work maintains a neoliberal status quo by actually having no real political impact. Academic activism, in contrast, serves to politicize scholarly work by democratically disrupting political consensus in the name of equality. Being an academic activist in an era of research impact rests in a twofold movement: that of both acting in the name of equality in an effort (using Marx’s terms) to ‘change the world’ and resisting and contesting an academic administration whose police actions have attempted to eliminate such forms of democratic practice from the political consensus. The argument is illustrated with examples from the Australia Research Council’s statements on research impact and the practice of climate change activism.

Tagung „Arbeit – Lebensführung – Nachhaltigkeit“, 25.01.-26.01.2018, Universität Hamburg

Hier der Hinweis auf eine interessante Tagung an der Universität Hamburg.

Aus der Ankündigung:

Die Zukunft der Arbeit muss nachhaltig sein, oder sie wird gar nicht sein!
  • Wel­che Be­griffe nach­haltiger Ar­beit gibt es?
  • Wird die so­zi­alwissenschaftliche Tren­nung von Ar­beit und Leben in einer nach­haltigen Ar­beitsgesellschaft ob­so­let?
  • Wie könn­te ihr Ver­hältnis unter der Be­rücksichtigung so­zi­al-ökologischer As­pekte neu be­stimmt wer­den?
  • Wel­che Kon­sequenzen hat eine ana­lytische Ver­bindung von Ar­beit und Le­ben(-sfüh­rung) für die For­schung?
  • An wel­che em­pi­risch fes­t­stellbaren so­zio-ökonomischen Dy­na­mi­ken ließe sich an­knüpfen?
  • Wel­che Ak­teure und Prak­tiken ­der Le­bensführung sind für die so­zi­al-ökologische Transf­ormation hin zu einer nachhaltigen Ar­beitsgesellschaft eher för­derlich oder blo­ckierend?

Vor dem Hin­ter­grund die­ser­ Fra­gen­ sol­le­n in ei­ner zweitä­gi­gen Kon­fe­renz re­levante Kon­zepte und Ana­lysen zum The­ma nachhaltige Ar­beit/sge­sellschaft vor­gestellt, dis­kutiert und mit­einander in Be­zi­ehung ge­set­zt sowie mög­li­che Ent­wick­lungs­pfa­de­ hin ­zu ­ei­ner­ so­zi­al-ökologisch nach­hal­ti­gen­Tä­tig­keits­ge­sell­schaft ­vor­ge­stell­t wer­den.

Mehr Informationen gibt es hier:

https://www.wiso.uni-hamburg.de/fachbereich-sowi/professuren/neckel/professur/aktuelles/25012018-tagung-littig.html

New issue of ephemera: theory & politics in organization – The labour of academia

http://ephemerajournal.org/issue/labour-academia

Issue editors: Nick Butler, Helen Delaney and Martyna Śliwa

The purpose of the contemporary university is being radically transformed by the encroachment of corporate imperatives into higher education. This has inevitable consequences for managerial interventions, funding structures, and teaching and research audits. It also impacts on the working conditions of academic staff in university institutions in terms of teaching, research, administration and public engagement. Starting from this basis, the special issue seeks to explore questions about how the work of scholars is being shaped, managed and controlled under the regime of ‘academic capitalism’ and, in turn, to ask what might be done about it.

Contributors: Sarah Robinson, Olivier Ratle, Alexandra Bristow, Callum McGregor, Jeremy Knox, Paul Stewart, Miguel Martínez Lucio, Finnborg Salome Steinþórsdóttir, Thamar Melanie Heijstra, Þorgerður Einarsdóttir, Craig Brandist, Sverre Spoelstra, Damian Ruth, Ozan Nadir Alakavuklar, Lenora Hanson, Elsa Noterman, Stephen Turner, Anna Boswell, Niki Harré, Sean Sturm, Kirsten Locke, Dominic da Souza Correa, Tim-adical Writing Collective, Francesca Coin, John Mingers, Ajnesh Prasad and Paulina Segarra.

Erinnerung – Anmeldung zu unserem Workshop „Ästhetik und Organisation – Inszenierung und Ästhetisierung von Organisation, Arbeit und Management“

Eine Anmeldung zum 5. Workshop des Forums „Kritische Organisationsforschung“ zum Thema „Ästhetik und Organisation – Inszenierung und Ästhetisierung von Organisation, Arbeit und Management“ ist noch bis zum 15. September möglich!

Der Workshop findet am 5.-6. Oktober 2017 an der Universität Duisburg-Essen statt.

Alle Informationen zum Workshop und zur Anmeldung finden sich hier:

Anmeldung und Programm „Ästhetik und Organisation“

Three New Books From the Emerald CMS Books Series

Three new books from Emerald’s CMS Book Series:

The Ideological Evolution of Human Resource Management: A Critical Look into HRM Research and Practices (Critical Management Studies) – Sami Itani

https://www.amazon.ca/Ideological-Evolution-Human-Resource-Management-ebook/dp/B073ZK5CQX/ref=sr_1_1?s=digital-text&ie=UTF8&qid=1502482562&sr=1-1&keywords=sami+itani

Insights and Research on the Study of Gender and Intersectionality in International Airline Cultures – Albert Mills

https://www.amazon.ca/Insights-Research-Intersectionality-International-Cultures-ebook/dp/B06XKC5GBK/ref=pd_ecc_rvi_3

Making Critical Sense of Immigrant Experience: A Case Study of Hong Kong Chinese in Canada (Critical Management Studies) – Rosalie Hilde

https://www.amazon.ca/Making-Critical-Sense-Immigrant-Experience-ebook/dp/B074NW6PKX/ref=sr_1_1?s=digital-text&ie=UTF8&qid=1502482497&sr=1-1&keywords=rosalie+hilde

Arbeit und Wertschöpfung im digitalen Kapitalismus – PROKLA 187

Hier das Inhaltsverzeichnis der interessanten aktuellen Ausgabe der PROKLA (http://www.prokla.de/):

Arbeit und Wertschöpfung im digitalen Kapitalismus (Juni 2017)
Moritz Altenried: Die Plattform als Fabrik. Crowdwork, Digitaler Taylorismus und die Vervielfältigung der Arbeit
Martin Ehrlich, Thomas Engel, Manfred Füchtenkötter und Walid Ibrahim: Digitale Prekarisierung. Neue Verwundbarkeiten und Abwertungsprozesse in der Industriearbeit
Jobst Gaus, Christopher Knop und David Wandjo: Marktkopplung und Ablaufdeterminismus. Eine Kritik am Demokratisierungsversprechen der Industrie-4.0-Diskussion
Eva-Maria Raffetseder, Simon Schaupp und Philipp Staab: Kybernetik und Kontrolle. Algorithmische Arbeitssteuerung und betriebliche Herrschaft.
Georg Barthel und Jan Rottenbach: Reelle Subsumtion und Insubordination im Zeitalter der digitalen Maschinerie. Mit-Untersuchung der Streikenden bei Amazon in Leipzig
Total Eclipse of Work? Neue Protestformen in der gig economy am Beispiel des Foodora Streiks in Turin
Florian Butollo und Yannick Kalff: Entsteht der Postkapitalismus im Kapitalismus? Eine Kritik an Masons Transformationsstrategie
Außerhalb des Schwerpunkts
Christian Christen: Der neoliberale Rentenkonsens in Deutschland und seine Genese. Von der Lebensstandardsicherung zur Altersarmut für Millionen
Ewgeniy Kasakow: Bewegung versus Avantgarde? Mythologie der linken Debatten über die Russische Revolution 1917

CfP SI Organization Studies: Organizational control and surveillance of new work practices

Abstract from the Call:

Organization Studies, the official journal of the European Group for Organizational
Studies  (EGOS),  invites  submissions  for  a  Special  Issue  that  seeks  to  advance
research  on  organizational  control  and  surveillance  of  and  through  new  work
practices.

[…]

The emergence of new work practices and workplaces, as shown by the joint search
for  more  mobility,  openness  (e.g.  with  open  innovation),  horizontality  (e.g.  with coworking  practices  and  collaborative  entrepreneurship),  digital  and  collaborative
practices (including more and more external stakeholders, e.g. customers and citizens,
in the co-production of services), has raised new questions of organizational control,
and  surveillance.  In  a  global  context  marked  by  the  invisible  revolution  of
surveillance  capitalism  (Zuboff,  2015)  and  the  resurgence  of  risk  (Beck,  1992),
security fears and terror, which have re-legitimized the need for close surveillance and
control, new work practices and workplaces have transformed the ‘premises of human
involvement in organizations’ (Kallinikos, 2003, p. 595), as well as the mechanisms
and  conditions  of  control  and  surveillance.  In  particular,  work  transformations
(project-based  work,  teleworking,  distributed  work  arrangements,  collaborative
entrepreneurship and the emergence of third and collaborative practices and spaces,
e.g.  coworking  spaces,  maker  spaces,  innovation  labs)  are  revealing  how  work
increasingly  gets  performed  outside  the  typical  physical,  spatial  and  temporal
boundaries of the organization or within the context of third spaces and liminal spaces
(Oldenburg,  1989;  Garrett  et  al.,  2017;  Sewell  and  Taskin,  2015;  Spinuzzi,  2012;
Waber et al., 2014; Johns and Gratton, 2013).

[…]

Guest Editors :  
François-Xavier de Vaujany (Université Paris-Dauphine, France)
Aurélie Leclercq-Vandelannoitte (CNRS, LEM UMR 9221, IESEG School of
Management, France)
Iain Munro (Newcastle University Business School, United Kingdom)
Yesh Nama (RMIT University, Australia)
Robin Holt (Copenhagen Business School)

Deadline for paper submissions: June, 29th 2018

Call for Papers: Call for papers_Proposal Special Issue_Organization Studies_Control_New Work Practices