Schlagwort-Archiv: Kooperativen

Teaching alternative forms of work and organization – Audebrand/Camus/Michaux (2017): A Mosquito in the Classroom

To learn and to teach something about alternative forms of work and organization is one of the urgent tasks of critical management and organization studies. However, one of the most striking problems in teaching alternatives is the lack of imagination, that is the idea that these are real and possible alternatives. As Gibson-Graham (2006: XV) write about their own experiences: „In the face of a new discourse of the diverse economy, participants in our projects can easily recognize the activities and enterprises it names, but they cannot readily identify with the alternative subject positions it avails. Most of them get up in the morning wanting a job – and if not wanting one, feeling they need one – rather than an alternative economy”.

One idea to cope with this problem seems to reframe it or to tackle it in a roundabout way. Luc Audebrand and colleagues introduce cooperatives into the classroom via the topic and reflection of paradoxes in organizations. They argue that “despite the absence of the cooperative business model in mainstream management textbooks and curricula, this model can offer a high pedagogical value for management education in that it can foster paradoxical thinking” (Audebrand et al. 2017: 216).

Said this, we can think about several other topics which makes it possible to introduce alternatives. Just think about power, participation, democracy or sustainability and maybe then alternatives are just around the corner or at least are worth to talk about it in the classroom.


Audebrand, Luc K., Annie Camus, und Valérie Michaud. 2017. A Mosquito in the Classroom: Using the Cooperative Business Model to Foster Paradoxical Thinking in Management Education. Journal of Management Education 41 (2): 216–248. doi: 10.1177/1052562916682552. []

Gibson-Graham, J. K. 2006. The end of capitalism (as we knew it). A feminist critique of political economy. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

New Article about Cooperatives – Audebrand (2017): Expanding the scope of paradox scholarship on social enterprise: the case for (re)introducing worker cooperatives. In: M@n@gement 2017/4.

Between ‘staying  alternative’  and  ‘going  mainstream’ …

Audebrand, L. (2017). Expanding the scope of paradox scholarship on social enterprise: the case for (re)introducing worker cooperatives. M@n@gement, vol. 20,(4), 368-393. doi:10.3917/mana.204.0368.

Abstract. Over the past decade, scholars have argued for using a paradox
perspective  as  a  provocative  and  insightful  lens  for  understanding  social
enterprises. This article addresses two gaps in this burgeoning literature.
First,  it  expands  the  focus  on  social  enterprises  to  include  worker
cooperatives,  which  are  often  overlooked  but  are  highly  relevant  to  this
area  of  study.  Worker  cooperatives  are  unique  among  social  enterprises
due to their foundational principles: worker-ownership, worker-control and
worker-benefit. Due to their dual nature as both a democratic association
and  an  economic  enterprise,  the  relationship  between  the  cooperative’s
social  mission  and  its  business  venture  is  mutually  constitutive  and
inescapable.  Second,  this  article  calls  for  paradox  scholarship  on  social
enterprise  to  include  the  study  of  paradoxical  tensions  other  than  the
conspicuous tension between financial and social performance. This article
suggests  broadening  this  focus  to  include  the  tensions  between
communality  and  individuality,  hierarchy  and  democracy,  and  between
‘staying  alternative’  and  ‘going  mainstream’.  Overall,  this  article  seeks  to
construct  a  stronger  theoretical  basis  on  which  to  build  future  paradox
research on alternatives to the dominant economic paradigm.

CfP „The Ethics of the Commons“ – Special Issue of the Journal of Business Ethics

Call for Papers

Special Issue of the Journal of Business Ethics

The Ethics of the Commons

Submission Deadline: 15 December 2018

Guest editors Helen Haugh, University of Cambridge, UK,<>

Marek Hudon, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium,<>

Camille Meyer, University of Victoria, Canada,<>

Ana Maria Peredo, University of Victoria, Canada,   <>

Introduction to the Special Issue

The concept of ‘the commons’ has a long history (Sison & Fontrodona, 2012) and during the last three decades has generated increasing excitement in the scholarly literature. A major factor in the surge of interest has been the work inspired by Elinor Ostrom, Nobel memorial prize in economics sciences laureate for 2009, especially when linked to the economic and social crises that have fostered interest in different ways of organizing economic life. Recovering and implementing the concept of the commons has been hailed by scholars and practitioners as a way of creating new collective wealth (Akrivou & Sison, 2016; Bollier & Helfrich, 2014; Tedmanson et al., 2015), and for addressing what are seen as the societal ills created by neoliberalism (Caffentzis, 2010). This is a call for submissions to a special issue of the Journal of Business Ethics aimed at providing an overarching perspective on the ethical dimensions and drivers of the phenomenon labelled ‘the commons’. In its broadest sense, ‘the commons’ is understood to refer simply to resources of many kinds, e.g., open access and public goods, where no individual person has the right to exclude others from enjoying their benefits. Ostrom focuses on the common property regime – a tighter concept of the commons wherein some group succeeds in making a ‘common pool resource’ a shared benefit by establishing the right of exclusion from it and managing it in a way that avoids the infamous ‘tragedy of the commons’ (Ostrom, 1990, 1999; Ostrom & Hess, 2008). This special issue particularly welcomes more bounded conceptualization of the commons. The (re)emergence of a “commons paradigm” (Bollier, 2011) refers explicitly to how civil society organizations enable people to collaborate and share. This paradigm presents a way that is simultaneously novel yet draws also on the deep history of analyzing social practices implemented through cooperation, collective action and solidarity. Collective forms of resource ownership and management are often directed toward the common good in keeping with the ethics of living in a community whose purpose is both individual and collective flourishing (Argandoña, 1998; Haugh, 2007; Melé, 2009, 2012; Peredo & Chrisman, 2006; Sison et al., 2012). In this regard, commons organizations create, transform and legitimize nonprofit and community norms and rules (Bushouse et al., 2016; Marquis & Battilana, 2009; Périlleux & Nyssens, 2017). Some forms of commons require multiple forms of collective action for their management (Ostrom, 1990). These participatory methods generate ethical challenges due to the complexity of their management and collective governance. Others have drawn attention to the way that new commons are being created in many resources and environments (Fournier, 2013; Meyer & Hudon, 2017, and how commons are being ‘enclosed’ and removed from wider access (Bollier, 2003). The idea of ‘commoning’ has become a central concept in determining how commons are created and recognized as a social phenomenon (Euler, 2015; Fournier, 2013; Linebaugh, 2008).

This call seeks papers that examine the ethical landscape of the commons in any and all of these dimensions. Possible Themes and Topics We seek papers that shed light on the ethical foundations and implications of the commons. We welcome original papers from a wide variety of methodological and disciplinary perspectives and invite papers that provide insights into, but not limited to, the following topics:

Topic 1: Conceptualization, Ethics and Rights related to the commons – How does ethics shape the definition and conceptualization of commons? – How do different ethical theories provide descriptive and normative insights into commons? – Property rights, including common property rights, are after all rights. How do the ethical implications of different property regimes compare and influence entrepreneurship and organizing? – For organizations and communities, how do ethical drivers enable collective action in social, environmental and other commons?

Topic 2: Governance of Commons – What are the motivations and mechanisms for cooperation and participation in commons governance and management? – What are the ethical challenges to and limits of collective action and decision-making in commons organizations? – How has the conception, practice and institutionalization of commons evolved over time, and what are the ethical factors that contribute to its evolution and persistence? – How do values and culture regenerate collective practices?

Topic 3: Social and Community Entrepreneurship and Impacts – What insights can a study of the commons offer to social and community entrepreneurship research? – How is social value created through commons organizations? – What are the ethical implications of new commons and new ways of commoning for entrepreneurship? – What are the ethical impacts of commons in housing? Food? Environmental activism? Other commons?

Topic 4: The Commons in a Market Society – Are there differences in the way that private property and common property regimes influence markets? If so, what are the ethical implications? – Do prevailing conceptions of entrepreneurship impinge on the role of the commons as a means of producing and distributing goods, e.g., by new forms of enclosure in items such as traditional knowledge, patents, and the human genome? – Do commons represent an ethical challenge to capitalist-market/neoliberal political systems? Submission Process and Deadlines Authors are encouraged to refer to the Journal of Business Ethics website for instructions on submitting a paper.


The CfP for download as a PDF file: CfP_JBE_The Ethics of the Commons

Post-Capitalistic Politics in the Making: Practices of Alternative Economics – Special Issue, Organization 24(5)

Special Issue: Post-Capitalistic Politics in the Making: Practices of
Alternative Economics, Organization 24(5)

Post-capitalistic politics in the making: The imaginary and praxis of
alternative economies
Patrizia Zanoni, Alessia Contu, Stephen Healy, Raza Mir

Entrepreneurial reproductive labor as alternative economic practice: The
ambivalent discourse of seasonal consignment sales
Alexis Bryson, Sarah E. Dempsey

The illusion of the digital commons: ‘False consciousness’ in online
alternative economies
Marinus Ossewaarde, Wessel Reijers

Alternative organizations in finance: Commoning in complementary
Camille Meyer, Marek Hudon

Spaces of open-source politics: Physical and digital conditions for
political organization
Emil Husted, Ursula Plesner

Supporting alternative organizations? Exploring scholars’ involvement
in the performativity of worker-recuperated enterprises
Susana C Esper, Laure Cabantous, Luciano Barin-Cruz, Jean-Pascal Gond

Gemeinnützige Genossenschaft als Rechtsform für Alternativbetriebe

Die Frage möglicher Rechtsformen und den damit verknüpften partizipativen und basisdemokratischen Elementen ist bedeutsam für alternative Organisationsformen. Die gemeinnützige Genossenschaft stellt eine Möglichkeit dar – hierzu ein knapper Bericht über den zu den Höfen der solidarischen Landwirtschaft (SoLAWi) zählenden Vauß-Hof in der Zeitschrift contraste:

Symposium „Partizipationspraktiken in Genossenschaften“ – Manuskripte und Folien

Zu unserem Symposium „Partizipationspraktiken in Genossenschaften“ im April in Chemnitz stehen nun die Manuskripte und Foliensätze als Download zur Verfügung. Herzlichen Dank an alle Beitragenden für das zur Verfügung stellen der Manuskripte! Hier die einzelnen Beiträge:

Jürgen Keßler, HTW Berlin: Genossenschaften zwischen unternehmerischer
Effizienz und Teilhabe – eine ökonomische und rechtliche Analyse

Herbert Klemisch, Wissenschaftsladen Bonn: (Post)Demokratie und Unternehmensmitbestimmung in Genossenschaften

Walter Vogt, IG Metall: ‚Mehr Teilhabe wagen‘: Belegschaftsgenossenschaften
als Möglichkeit für die Förderung betrieblicher Partizipation im Kontext von Standort- und

Ronald Hartz, Melanie Hühn, Irma Rybnikova, Markus Tümpel: Partizipationspraktiken in Genossenschaften – Ergebnisse und Diskussion der Fallstudien
Hier der Link zu den Materialien:





Die Rückkehr des Dorfladens als Genossenschaft – 2

Vor einiger Zeit habe ich, auf einen Hausbesuch der taz verweisend, über die Rückkehr des Dorfladens als Genossenschaft am Beispiel des Ortes Bernitt in Mecklenburg berichtet. Im DLF-Magazin des Deutschlandfunk wurde gestern unter der Überschrift „Dorfladen statt Discounter“ über einen anderen, bisher erfolgreich laufenden Fall einer solchen Neugründung in Jagsthausen (Landkreis Heilbronn) berichtet . Hier geht es zur Reportage:



Die Genossenschaft – Bürgerschaftliches Engagement soll leichter werden. Feature im Deutschlandfunk

Ein instruktives Feature über Genossenschaften als mögliche Form (nicht nur) bürgerschaftlichen Engagements und über geplante Veränderungen im Sinne von Vereinfachungen der Genossenschaftsprüfung. Angesichts der nicht zuletzt durch die Prüfung bedingten niedrigen Insolvenzrate von Genossenschaften ein nicht unproblematisches Unterfangen …

Hier geht es zur Sendung und zum Podcast:

New Publication: Diaz-Bone, Rainer/Hartz, Ronald (eds.) (2017): Dispositiv und Ökonomie. Diskurs- und dispositivanalytische Perspektiven auf Märkte und Organisationen. Wiesbaden: Springer VS.


Der vorliegende Band bietet einen aktuellen Überblick über die Vielzahl neuerer sozialwissenschaftlicher Forschungen zur Bedeutung, Funktion und Theorie von Dispositiven in und für die Ökonomie. Denn die Ökonomie ist „instrumentiert“ – Organisationen und Märkte sind durchzogen und ausgestattet mit Objekten, Materialitäten, Technologien, Diskursen und Subjektivierungsweisen, deren spezifische Verknüpfungen die Ökonomie hervorbringen. Für die Analyse der Dispositive muss „Ökonomie“ daher notwendig transdisziplinär gefasst werden, gerade um die bisher weitgehende Ausblendung von Dispositiven in der Analyse von Märkten und Organisationen zu überwinden und diese durch neuartige theoretische aber auch vielfältige methodologische Zugänge zu erschließen. Diese Erschließung der materiellen und immateriellen Ausstattung der Ökonomie erfolgt nun nicht nur transdisziplinär, sondern auch international. Der Band präsentiert Beiträge von Forschenden aus Deutschland, Frankreich, Großbritannien und der Schweiz.


Table of Content: Diaz-Bone_Hartz_2017_Cover+Content-1

Flyer: Flyer Diaz-Bone_Hartz Dispositiv und Oekonomie 2017



Community Economies – Webseite zu alternativen Formen des Wirtschaftens

Die Seite „Community Economies“ bietet zahlreiche Informationen und Ressourcen (Artikel, Videos, Unterrichtsmaterialien, praktische Handreichungen, weitere Links) zu alternativen Formen des Wirtschaftens. Entstanden ist die Seite vor dem Hintergrund der Arbeiten von Gibson-Graham (vgl. Gibson-Graham 2006a, 2006b, 2008) und der Perspektive der ‚diverse economies‘:



Gibson-Graham, J. K. (2006a): The end of capitalism (as we knew it). A feminist critique of political economy. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Gibson-Graham, J. K. (2006b): A postcapitalist politics. Minneapolis, London: University of Minnesota Press.

Gibson-Graham, J. K. (2008): Diverse economies: performative practices for `other worlds‘. In: Progress in Human Geography 32 (5), S. 613–632.