Arbeitsverhältnisse: ‚Gig Economy‘ und ‚Algorithmic Management‘ bei Uber, Deliveroo und Co.

Hier ein Hinweis auf gleich zwei instruktive Beiträge über die expandierenden ’selbständigen‘ Arbeitsverhältnisse bei Lieferdiensten etc. Unter dem Titel „Self-employment used to be the dream. Now it’s a nightmare“ diskutiert Peter Fleming die Prekarität von Beschäftigten bei Uber, Deliveroo und Co. unter dem Vorzeichen der ausgerufenen ‚entrepreneurial society‘:

In der Financial Times findet sich zudem ein weiterer instruktiver Artikel, welcher auch die Kontrolle der Beschäftigten durch Algorithmen (‚algorithmic management‘) thematisiert, Bezüge zum Taylorismus herstellt und auch die Frage adressiert, wie in diesem Bereich Widerstand möglich ist – indem man bei den Kolleg_innen Pizza bestellt und bei Lieferung zum Mitmachen beim Protest auffordert:

Nebenbei: Der Euphemismus ‚Gig Economy‘ wäre sicher einen eigenen Beitrag wert.


What Do We Mean by Performativity in Organizational and Management Theory? Review article by Jean-Pascal Gond, Laure Cabantous, Nancy Harding and Mark Learmonth

Performativity is one of the dazzling concepts of current thinking about Critical Management and Organization Studies. In The International Journal of Management Reviews Jean-Pascal Gond and colleagues review the debate and plea for a ‚performative turn‘ in Management and Organization Theory.

What Do We Mean by Performativity in Organizational and Management Theory? The Uses and Abuses of Performativity (pages 440–463)
Jean-Pascal Gond, Laure Cabantous, Nancy Harding and Mark Learmonth
Version of Record online: 7 JUL 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/ijmr.12074


John Austin introduced the formulation ‘performative utterance’ in his 1962 book How to Do Things with Words. This term and the related concept of performativity have subsequently been interpreted in numerous ways by social scientists and philosophers such as Lyotard, Butler, Callon and Barad, leading to the coexistence of several foundational perspectives on performativity. This paper reviews and evaluates critically how organization and management theory (OMT) scholars have used these perspectives, and how the power of performativity has, or has not, stimulated new theory-building. In performing a historical and critical review of performativity in OMT, the authors’ analysis reveals the uses, abuses and under-uses of the concept by OMT scholars. It also reveals the lack of both organizational conceptualizations of performativity and analysis of how performativity is organized. Ultimately, the authors’ aim is to provoke a ‘performative turn’ in OMT by unleashing the power of the performativity concept to generate new and stronger organizational theories.

Dylan and Critical Organization Studies

Dylan and Critical Organization Studies

Just as I heard about the Nobel Price for Bob Dylan, I thought about some Dylan lyrics which could be used to start a presentation or lecture about Critical Management and Organization Studies and the like. Here are the first rather well-known lyrics that come to my mind. Any other suggestions?


„There must be some way out of here“, said the joker to the thief,
„There’s too much confusion, I can’t get no relief.
Businessmen, they drink my wine, plowmen dig my earth,
None of them along the line know what any of it is worth.“

„No reason to get excited,“ the thief, he kindly spoke,
„There are many here among us who feel that life is but a joke.
But you and I, we’ve been through that, and this is not our fate,
So let us not talk falsely now, the hour is getting late.“

(All Along the Watchtower)


I ain’t gonna work for Maggie’s pa no more.
No, I ain’t gonna work for Maggie’s pa no more.
Well, he puts his cigar
Out in your face just for kicks.
His bedroom window
It is made out of bricks.
The National Guard stands around his door.
Ah, I ain’t gonna work for Maggie’s pa no more.

I ain’t gonna work for Maggie’s ma no more.
No, I ain’t gonna work for Maggie’s ma no more.
Well, she talks to all the servants
About man and God and law.
Everybody says
She’s the brains behind pa.
She’s sixty-eight, but she says she’s twenty-four.
I ain’t gonna work for Maggie’s ma no more.

(Maggie‘s Farm)


Mama’s in the factory, she ain’t got no shoes
Daddy’s in the alley, he’s lookin‘ for food
I’m in the kitchen with the tombstone blues

(Tombstone Blues)


Ah, get born, keep warm
Short pants, romance, learn to dance
Get dressed, get blessed
Try to be a success
Please her, please him, buy gifts
Don’t steal, don’t lift
Twenty years of schoolin‘
And they put you on the day shift

(Subterranean Homesick Blues)

Disturbing art against destructive working conditions: „Fashion Victims“ Street Art | criticalOBknowledge

„With explosive action and the strong emotional content of this Spanish artist Yolanda Dominguez reminds Madrid the death of 1,127 textile workers underpaid, which took place following the collapse…

Quelle: Disturbing art against destructive working conditions: „Fashion Victims“ Street Art | criticalOBknowledge

movies for teaching orgs & work |

A few days ago, Mark Suchman, chair of ASA’s OOW section, circulated a Google Doc with a call for people to add movies they use in class to illustrate work and organizational concepts to stud…

Quelle: movies for teaching orgs & work |

Wissenschaft – Exzellente Entqualifizierung: Das neue akademische Prekariat

In den Blättern für deutsche und internationale Politik schreibt Britta Ohm über das neue akademische Prekariat, neoliberale Mantras und Entsolidarisierung im Wissenschaftsbetrieb. Lesenswert!

Neue Publikation: „Diskursanalyse in der Organisationsforschung“ nun Online

Der zusammen mit Gabriele Fassauer (TU Dresden) für das von Stefan Liebig, Wenzel Matiaske und Sophie Rosenbohm herausgegebene Handbuch Empirische Organisationsforschung verfasste Beitrag „Diskursanalyse in der Organisationsforschung“ ist nun als Online First verfügbar:



Der Beitrag bietet einen grundlegenden Überblick über diskursanalytische Orientierungen und Perspektiven in der Organisationsforschung. Entlang der Achsen Sprachgebrauch – Ordnung des Diskurses und Deskription – Kritik werden zunächst grundlegende gegenstandsbezogene und normative Orientierungen der Diskursforschung benannt. Anschließend erfolgt eine Darstellung von Rhetorik, Gesprächsanalyse, Narrationsanalyse und kritischer Diskursanalyse als vier weitverbreiteten Perspektiven diskursanalytischer Forschung. Ein Überblick über methodische Schritte und methodische Besonderheiten diskursanalytischer Forschung beschließt den Beitrag.


Reminder – CfP on ‚Post-Growth Organizations‘

This is a reminder for our call for a special issue in Management Revue on Post-Growth Organizations (mrev-cfp-post-growth-organizations_PDF). Deadline for abstracts is September 30, 2016. Full papers must be submitted by 31 March 2017.

*Special Issue* Post-Growth Organization

Guest Editors:

Matthias Rätzer, Technical University Chemnitz, Germany

Ronald Hartz, Technical University Chemnitz, Germany

Ingo Winkler, University of Southern Denmark



For a couple of years now growth-driven societies have been in a permanent state of crisis. Since 2007 the global financial crisis and its aftermath are challenging our ideas of growth, well-being, consumption and work within global capitalism. Consequently, critical scholars in management and organization studies have begun to advocate alternative forms of organization and to problematize the collective imagination that ‘there is no alternative to growth’ (Parker et al. 2014; Atzeni 2012).

One important analytical dimension within the search for alternatives relates to the limits of growth in its economic, ecological and social dimension. For example, Meadows et al. (2004) explicate that a finite (world) system cannot handle an everlasting orientation toward growth without running into a collapse. Hirsch (1976) argues that social rise in a stratified society smolders, leading to social imbalances in the long term. Several authors discuss economic restrictions under the name of de-growth (Georgescu-Roegen 1977; Latouche 2009; Martínez Alier et al. 2010; Schneider et al. 2010; Kallis 2013). Schneider et al. (2010) point towards unfulfilled expectations in the context of creating win-win-situations and question the possibility of sustainable growth through technological and efficiency improvements. Relative to the social context, others discuss the label steady-state-economy, which challenges the relationship between growth and labor, solvency and consolidated public finances (Daly 1972, 1973; Lawn 2011; Blauwhof 2012).

However, there exist only few contributions discussing organizational alternatives to an orientation toward growth (Cheney et al. 2014). Some authors address growth neutral enterprises (Bakker et al. 1999; White/White 2012). Others note that neither governments nor private sector executives have any incentives supporting the development of a post-growth environment (e.g. Latouche, 2006; Ayres, 2008; Martínez Alier 2009). Therefore, the specific aim of this special issue is to substantiate the debate on post-growth, steady-state and de-growth from an organizational perspective. How can organizations respond to the limits of economic growth? How can organizations, from a post-growth perspective, promote their social worth as opposed to their monetary worth? How can organizations implement the elements of a post-growth economy, such as cutting-down and slowing down, a balance between sufficiency and dependency on consumption, institutional innovations for the society, the environment and regional economy (Paech, 2016)?

In addressing post-growth organizations (PGOs), we assume alternative organizations, featuring individual autonomy and respect, an orientation towards solidarity and cooperation, and responsibility to the future (Parker et al., 2014) to constitute a fertile ground for PGOs. Furthermore, we could imagine PGOs to develop from associations, growth neutral enterprises, co-operations, solidarity organizations, grass-root movements or even ‘traditional’ enterprises. Eventually, we do not restrict our focus on PGOs to the economic domain, but also take social and ecologic concerns, such as social entrepreneurs, into account. We call for contributions discussing different perspectives on PGOs, investigating their characteristics and limits. Furthermore, we embrace contributions investigating the range and coverage of PGOs as an organizational possibility in a future, post-growth society.

The contributions to this special issue should address one or more of the following questions:

– What characterizes the organization and the management of ‘post-growth organizations’ (PGOs)?

– Which role do the principles of autonomy, solidarity and responsibility play in PGOs? What kind of problems, contradictions and conjoint amplification are observable regarding these principles?

– Do PGOs enable us to cure some of the organizational ills created by a narrow focus on economic growth?

– What are the limits and prospects of PGOs in the transformation of capitalism?

– What organizational practices, tools and instruments are important in PGOs (e.g. accounting practices, compensation practices, decision making, regulations of working time, work-life balance, forms of participation etc.)?

– Is it possible to turn traditional organizations into PGOs?

– Which strategies (e.g. overcoming of externally defined difficulties, internal processes of storytelling, micro politics, adjustment of power) can be identified in the constitution and management of PGOs and which practices in PGOs are working well and which are not?

This is not an exhaustive list.

*Deadline* Potential contributors to the *Special Issue of Management Revue* are encouraged to submit an abstract of 1-2 pages before *30 September 2016* electronically via the online submission system at using ‘Post-Growth Organization’ as article section.

Contributors will receive feedback and an invitation to submit a full paper by the end of October 2016. Full papers must be submitted by *31 March 2017*. All contributions will be subject to a double-blind review. Papers invited to a ‘revise and resubmit’ are due *31 August 2017*.

*Looking forward to hearing from you!*

Matthias Rätzer ( Ronald Hartz ( Ingo Winkler (


Atzeni, Maurizio (Ed.) (2012): Alternative Work Organizations. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Ayres, Robert U. (2008): Sustainability Economics: Where do we stand?. In: Ecological Economics, 67 (2), 281-310.

Blauwhof, Frederik B. (2012): Overcoming accumulation: Is a capitalist steady-state economy possible?. In: Ecological Economics, 84, 254-261.

Cheney, George/ Santa Cruz, Iñaki/ Peredo, Ana Maria/ Nazareno, Elías (2014): Worker cooperatives as an organizational alternative: Challenges, achievements and promise in business governance and ownership. In: Organization, 21 (5), 591-603.

Daly, Herman E. (1972): In Defense of a Steady-State Economy. American Journal ofAgricultural Economics, 54(5), 945-954.

Daly, Herman E. (1973):Toward a Steady-State Economy. San Francisco: Freeman. Daly, Herman E. (1991): Steady-State Economics. 2. Edition. Washington [u.a.]: Island.

Georgescu-Roegen, Nicholas (1977): The steady state and ecological salvation: a thermo-dynamic analysis. Bioscience, 27(4), 266­70.

Kallis, Giorgos (2011): In defense of degrowth. In: Ecological Economics, 70, 873-880. Lawn, Philip (2011): Is Steady-State Capitalism Viable? A Review oftheIssuesand an Answer in the Affirmative. In: Costanza, Robert/ Limburg, Karin/ Kubiszewski, Ida (Ed.): Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1219, 1­25.

Martínez Alier, Joan (2009): Socially Sustainable Economic De-growth. In: Development and Change, 40 (6), 1099-1119.

Martínez Alier, Joan/ Pascaul, Unai/ Vivien, Franck-Dominique/ Zaccai, Edwin (2010): Sustainable de-growth: Mapping the context, criticism and future prospects of an emergent paradigm. In: Ecological Economics, 69, 1741-1747.

Parker, Martin/ Cheney, George/ Fournier, Valérie/ Land, Chris (Ed.) (2014): The Routledge Companion to Alternative Organization. London [u.a.]: Routledge.

Schneider, François/ Kallis, Giorgos/ Martínez Alier, Joan (2010): Crisis or opportunity? Economic degrowth for social equity and ecological sustainability. Introduction to this specialissue. In: Journal of Cleaner Production, 18, 511-518.

White, Doug/White, Polly (2012): Why Some Entrepreneurs Choose Not to Grow Their Businesses. In: Business Review USA, 9th March, e-Not-to-Grow-Their-Businesses.

Daniel Hornuff über ‚Gender-Bashing‘ als neuen Volkssport

Das der instruktive Beitrag von Daniel Hornuff einen Nerv trifft und die ‚Volkssport‘ Diagnose bestätigt, zeigen dann auch die zahlreichen Kommentare:


Call for Papers: Organizational Practices of Social Movements and Popular Struggles: Understanding the Power of Organizing From Below

Special Issue of the Journal Qualitative Research in Organizations and Management

Maria Ceci Misoczky, Guilherme Dornelas Camara and Steffen Böhm


Thematic Focus of the Special Issue

The study of social movements in the field of Organization Studies (OS) has been largely influenced by theories constructed to analyze business organizations and their interactions with formal and informal social movement organizations. The predominant approach has been to construct a theoretical model and then applying it to a largely passive object (social movements). As a consequence, OS has remained relatively blind to the processes of organizing and the knowledge produced in the organizational practices from below.

These organizational practices from below tend to be hidden from the view of hegemonic (structuralist and managerialist) organization knowledge: popular struggles, anti-corporative movements, occupy events, self-organized cooperatives, community groups, indigenous people, peasant movements, to name but a few. What also tends to be marginalized or even ignored are the organizational practices of social movements based in the South, East and other peripheral places.

There is a need to fill this gap and, in accordance with Dunayevskaya (1982), to make the movement from practice to theory. For her, the practice from below is itself a form of theory. In the same way, Rauber (2004) defends the need of articulating two dimensions of critical reflexive thought: the knowledge that is theoretically elaborated and the knowledge that emerges from below and remains, most of the time, restrained to the practices and spaces of struggle. This critical, reflexive thought and the movement from practice to theory is a qualitative one, being embedded within the realities of the social and environmental struggles of social movements and popular organizations.

Studying social movements and popular struggles from below requires qualitative methods that are, first of all, respectful of the ethical and political liberating purposes. The possibility of producing knowledge through research processes that articulate theory and praxis, that take the concrete reality as the starting point, that move from the simple to the complex, from the concrete to the abstract, that share the aim of creating a theoretical content that is relevant and meaningful because it is attached to activists’ everyday life and provides a co-constructed meaning of organizing processes (Malo, 2004).

Such research perspective has a long tradition and has been experimented with and renewed for decades. This is the case, for example, of participatory research, a confluence of critical theory and social pedagogy (mainly popular education and the critical pedagogy of Paulo Freire, 1970), intending to articulate research and practical interventions with the knowledge, the experience and the needs of local communities. Another key element is the blurring of the separation between researchers and researched, in the sense that this is a process of co-research in which the participants are all partners sharing ethical and political values (Kincheloe, McLaren and Steinberg, 2011). Another example is critical ethnography and the recognition that researchers are subjects in dialogue with the Other, and that in this encounter – following the inspiration of Mikhail Bakhtin (1982) – there is dialogue towards substantial and viable meanings that make a difference in the world.

Another important approach has been workers’ inquiry. In 1880, La Revue Socialiste asked an ageing Karl Marx to draft a questionnaire to be circulated among the French working class. Called “A Workers’ Inquiry,” it was a list of exactly 101 detailed questions, inquiring about everything from meal times to wages to lodging. The most important modern-day application of workers’ inquiry was dissident Italian Marxism in the 1960s and 1970s. Originating in the Quaderni Rossi journal, the idea was taken up by elements in Potere Operaio, Autonomia and Lotta Continua. The key aspect is the conception of the militant workers’ self-inquiry as a means for investigating situations of transformation and the relationship between conflict and antagonism within it (Panzieri, 1994). The workers’ inquiry is a kind of co-research – a form of research that tears down the division between the subject-researcher and object-researched (Malo, 2004). More recently, such approaches have been extended to militant research – the place where academia and activism meet in the search for new ways of acting that lead to new ways of thinking (Bookchin et al., 2013), connected with spaces where horizontal practices of organization are experienced.

The above mentioned approaches to qualitative research share a perspective on knowledge production in which the fixed roles of academic and activist are blurred. Following the proposition of Enrique Dussel (1974) for a methodology of liberation, we can name this approach as ‘analectics’, an attitude that requires the openness to think, to listen, to see, to feel, to taste the world from the perspective of the Other; it is conditioned by humbleness and solidarity. Analectics allows one to recognize the existence of a politics of Totality and the Other. The ‘politics of the Other is an anti-politics, it is a politics of subversion and contestation’, since it challenges established hierarchies and legal truths. It proclaims the injustice and illegitimacy of the actual system in the name of a new legitimacy (Mendieta, 2001, p. 21). Alcoff (2011, p. 67) defines analectics as ‘an epistemology for the new revolution’: a decolonized epistemology that puts ‘at the center not simply the objective conditions of global impoverishment and oppression, but the systematic disauthorization of the interpretive perspective of the oppressed in the global South’. The idea of analectics is driven ‘to get to a larger, more comprehensive, and more adequate understanding of all that is true concerning the experience of those whose experiences are most often ignored’ (Alcoff, 2011, p. 71).

Call Details

 With this Special Issue we are calling for contributions that analyze and understand the political organization of grassroots struggles and resistances against hegemonic power regimes. In our view, it is vitally important for OS to see and engage with the organizational practices of the marginalized communities of below, as otherwise our field simply contributes to the reproduction of existing power regimes, rather than seeing and analyzing those practices of hope that challenge dominant frames of organizational analysis.

We particularly invite – but do by no means restrict submissions to – manuscripts on one or several of the following topics, always in connection with the methodological aspects discussed above:

  • The analysis of social movements and popular struggles, exploring the theoretical issues that are embedded in their practices;
  • The organizational significance of ephemeral movements and/or events;
  • Theoretical dialogues with the knowledge produced by activists in their organizational processes;
  • Analysis of alternative (that is, non-hegemonic) organizations and their resistances/struggles;
  • Critical discussion and reflection on what constitutes ‘alternatives’ and what organizational practices from below can be seen as contributing to the reproduction of existing regimes of power;
  • The dialectics of organization in its multiple contradictions such as spontaneity/organization, autonomy/demands to the state, horizontality/hierarchies, leadership/leading by obeying, critical strategic reasoning/refusal of strategic reasoning;
  • Organizational practices as experiments of prefigurative politics;
  • Meanings and limits of self-organization practices;
  • The organizational dimension in occupying events;
  • Theoretical dialogues with the knowledge produced by activists in their organizational processes;
  • Research practices for studying social movements and popular struggles and their limits;
  • Examinations of and reflections on the relationship between researcher and researched;
  • Theoretical debates on research methodologies to study social movements from below.


Submission Details

Deadline for submission of manuscripts is 1 November 2016.

Manuscripts should be a maximum of 10,000 words in length (including tables, figures and references) and should conform to the normal submission guidelines for Qualitative Research in Organizations and Management,




Alcoff, L. (2011), “An epistemology of the new revolution”, Transmodernity, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 67-78.

Dunayevskaya, R. (1982), Marxism and Freedom: From 1976 until Today, Humanities Press, Amherst, NJ.

Dussel, E. (1974), Método para una filosofía de la liberación, Ediciones Sígueme, Salamanca.

Rauber, I. (2004), “La transformación social en el siglo XXI: camino de reformas o de revolución”, Pasado y Presente, No. 21, pp. 1–26.

Bakhtin, M. (1982), Speech Genres and Other Late Essays, University of Texas Press, Austin, TX.

Bookchin, N. et al. (2013), “Militant research handbook”, available at: (accessed 1 June 2016) .

Freire, P. (1970), Pedagogy of the oppressed, Herder and Herder, New York, NY.

Kincheloe, J. L.; McLaren, P. and Steinberg, S. R. (2011) “Critical pedagogy and qualitative research: moving to the bricolage”, in: Denzin, N. K. and Lincoln, Y. (ed.) Handbook of qualitative research, 3ª ed., Sage, London, pp. 163-178.

Malo, M. (Ed.) (2004), Nociones Comunes: experiencias y ensayos entre investigación y militancia, Traficantes de Sueños, Madrid.

Marx, K. (1880), “A Workers’ inquiry”, first published in La Revue socialiste, April 20, 1880, uploaded in 1997, available at: (accessed 1 June 2016).

Mendieta, E. (2001), “Política en la era de la globalización: crítica de razón política de E. Dussel”, in Dussel, E. Hacia una Filosofía Política Critica, Desclée de Brouwer, Bilbao, pp. 15-39.

Panzieri, R. (1994), Spontaneita‘ e organizzazione: gli anni dei „Quaderni Rossi“ 1959-1964, BFS Edizioni, Pisa.